Seeing your hair covered in white spots is uncomfortable. But we must forget the myth that dandruff is synonymous with lack of hygiene. This scaling of the scalp is triggered by hormonal factors, sudden mood swings and stress, but (luckily) it can be controlled.
Usually the causes of dandruff are the product of a harmless and chronic condition that occurs when the scalp becomes oily, or on the contrary dry, and begins to produce white scales that are simply traces of dead skin that appears on the hair or falls on the shoulders.
Causes of dandruff
Dandruff can be caused by many reasons, including sensitivity to common products for treating hair or by dry skin.
Also conditions such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis or eczema of the skin are causing dandruff.
Overgrowth of yeast or fungus can also cause dandruff. This overgrowth can have an origin in certain emotional conditions such as stress (because nerve stimulation causes cells to divide more quickly), or hormonal imbalance, very fatty scalp, or problems with the immune system.
Dandruff can also appear due to factors such as dry autumn or winter weather. In women, one of the most common causes of dandruff has to do with changes in hormones and the adrenal and thyroid glands. Another problem: dandruff attracts fungi. Its proliferation also causes more irritation in the place. In extreme situations, dermatitis arises on the eyebrows, cheeks and between the breasts.
Who is prone to dandruff?
Contrary to what many people think, dandruff, which affects 32% of the population, is not just a man’s thing. In a survey conducted by Unilever, while 42% of the male population said they had the problem, at least once a year, the figure for women was 39%. Dandruff can appear in any type of hair: it can arise in the dry or in the fatty.
The scalp is formed of skin, which flaky due to the loss of dead cells and the arrival of living cells. Fine flaking is normal, but when one loses whiter pieces of skin, it is an inflammation called Seborrheic dermatitis, the technical name of dandruff.
How to treat dandruff?
There is no permanent cure, but dandruff can be controlled. The first step is to buy a shampoo with anti-dandruff action. These products work, because they have in their composition active ingredients that reduce cell division. Among the two most common are zinc and ketoconazole. There is only one way to know what works best for you and that is achieved by experimenting.
Today there are versions of shampoos that condition and moisturize, unlike the older ones, which dried out the hair. In cases of strong desquamation, the dermatologist may prescribe medication orally. When treatment is stopped, dandruff usually returns. But this is an undesirable method, since we know that the problem of dandruff can be treated in a more natural and less invasive way for our body.
Eliminate bad habits
To begin with, you should wash your hair every day with warm (almost cold) water, so that the scales do not accumulate, and dry it with a hair dryer. At the time of washing it, do not use your nails, just the fingertip. If you already have hair with excess fat, if you follow a high-fat and high-sugar diet you will only be able to worsen your case, so it is advisable to monitor the diet. Whenever possible, try to expose yourself to the sun (in the morning or in the afternoon), as sunlight is a natural anti-inflammatory. But do not abuse because in excess, the effect can be the opposite.
It is also advisable to try home remedies to treat seborrhea and dandruff that can have a great effect on your scalp if you have controlled the habits that are causes of dandruff.